Testicular cancer is a very rare type of cancer that affects men and it mostly affects young men between the ages of 15 to 35 years old. There are some cases where even older men develop it and so it cannot be said that it entirely the young man’s cancer. The signs of testicular cancer may be similar to those caused by other health conditions. Most of the signs and symptoms of testicular are usually unclear and mild making diagnosis for cancer by physical examination a little confusing. It is for this reason that a man who notices any unusual symptoms needs to see a doctor to be checked for possible testicular cancer.
There are also cases where some men with testicular cancer do not show signs and so that is why testicular cancer testing is important to make a diagnosis. Below are some signs and symptoms about cancer that men should look out for:
- A lump on the testicle that is painless which may vary in size from a few millimeters to centimeters.
- A persistent lump on the testicle which remains permanent.
- Painful feelings and aching in the lower part of the abdomen and scrotum.
- Pain experienced in the testicle.
- An inflamed testicle.
- Lymph nodes that are swollen and enlarged in the neck or the back.
If the cancer is left untreated for a long time it spreads to other parts of the body causing symptoms often referred to our late symptoms:
- The affected person will feel back pain if the cancerous cells spread to retro-peritoneal lymph nodes.
- Fluid building up in the abdomen.
- Cough which may contain blood stained sputum-occasioned by cancer having spread to the lungs.
- Shortness of breath which may be occasioned by the buildup of fluids around the lungs.
Testicle Cancer Rare Signs and Symptoms
There are some signs of testicular cancer which are usually rare such as:
- Excessive growth of hair in boys; caused by stromal tumors which grow from the Leydig cells. A tumor that is stromal may produce large amounts of testosterone which may, in turn, stimulate growth of facial and body hair at a very tender age in a boy.
- Tenderness of the male breasts or increment in size (gynecomastia).
Changes In The Body Which May Be An Indication Of Testicle Cancer
The signs and symptoms of testicle cancer will mostly depend on how long the cancer has been in the body and how far it has spread before detection and also the part of the body affected. Usually when the tumor has not come out to of the testes it doesn’t present any signs or symptoms to the affected person. As the tumor progresses those affected may feel some sort of aching pain or a feeling of heaviness in their scrotal sac. Further growth of the tumor patients may start to feel lumps inside of their scrotal sac. There are some cases where other patients will have a sudden severe pain occasioned by the turning of the testis around the spermatic cord.
What Signs and Symptoms Tell You That Your Testicular Has Become Dangerous?
Below are the more severe signs and symptoms of testicular cancer which should alarm you:
- When it finally spreads to the abdominal lymph glands, a very common occurrence and it may appear as a large lump that will be felt in the abdomen.
- Patients will feel pain or pressure occasioned by the mass exerts pressure on other organs found in the abdomen.
- Swollen lymph glands on the neck, near the collarbone and the areas on the armpit.
- A cough with bloody sputum with shortness of breath occasioned by the spread of the cancer to the lungs.
- Patients may feel headaches and seizures and other problems in the brain occasioned by its spread to the brain.
- Enlarged breasts with pain or swelling and milky discharge from the nipples.
- Weight loss will be experienced by the patient in acute cases of testicular cancer.
- Feeling of fatigue, loss of energy and a general feeling sickness.
So What are The Tests Done To Diagnose Testicular Cancer?
Usually doctors may consider an ultra sound of the scrotum when testing a patient for testicular cancer. In some other cases blood samples are usually taken for testing.
Doing regular personal checks for testicular at home regularly is one sure way of healthy living. It is reported that most cancer cases have been discovered by the patients themselves more than by physicians. If you highly suspect that the cancer may be developing in your testes then it is advisable for you to go and see a doctor to conduct a test you to be know your condition. Remember that early detection will lead to successful cure.