Hemotospermia is a condition in which the man ejaculates semen that is mixed with blood. The condition affects men of all ages and the causes differ from one person to another. The condition occurs in cases where the patient has a trauma or an infection in any part of the urinary system. In cases where the patient has no underlying condition, the bleeding clears on its own.
What is Hemotospermia?
Hemotospermia is a condition in which one ejaculates semen that is mixed with blood. This is usually presented by the presence of clots in the semen or the semen having a pink color. The condition is common in men of all ages and it clears on its own with time. It is a rare condition and usually does not require any medical intervention. However, it is important to rule out any disease incase the bleeding continues. This can be done by going for a checkup where different tests will be done to find out the underlying cause of the bleeding. The condition is common if there is any bleeding in the urinary tract or any glands that are adjacent to it. The urinary tract is made up of the prostate gland, testicles, bladder, urethra, epidydimis and the seminal vesicles. The other likely cause can be taking a biopsy in any organ that is found in the urinary tract.
Possible Causes of Hemotospermia
Hemotospermia may occur due to different conditions and they include:
- Bleeding in any of the different parts that make up the urinary tract and this can be caused by an injury.
- The condition can occur in a patient who has a problem with the blood clotting system. This is common in men who take drugs that help in thinning of the blood like warfarin. This may cause excessive thinning of the blood thus causing internal bleeding in the urinary tract.
- Narrowing in any part of the urethra and this can be caused by trauma or previous infection.
- Any infection that occurs in the urethra may cause bleeding. Urethra is a tube that propels urine and semen to the external area of the body.
- Infection in the seminal vesicles may cause bleeding. This helps in the secretion of some of the fluids that are found in the semen.
- Infection in the prostate gland and this can be non-bacteria, acute or chronic. The prostate is a gland that helps in the storage of sperms.
What are the Symptoms of Hematospermia?
The symptoms of hemotospermia will depend on the underlying cause of the condition. They include:
Painful urination: This is where the patient feels pain when they are passing urine.
Painful ejaculation: This is where the patient has pain during ejaculation
Presence of blood in the urine: This is where the urine that is being passed by the patient may contain blood. This can be in form of clots or a little bit of blood that cause the urine to turn pink in color.
Fever: The patient may present with an increase in temperature usually above 37.80C. This indicates an infection in the body and the likely cause is bacteria.
Tenderness in the scrotum or the testes: This is caused by inflammation in the body and it can be the result of trauma or injury. The body responds by sending a message to the brain and this makes the injured area appear painful and tender.
Swelling in the scrotum and the testes: This is caused by inflammation in the body where the body reacts to an injury by increasing blood supply to the penile area. This brings the necessary nutrients that are needed for healing and this causes the area to swell.
Treatment Options Of Hemotospermia
The treatment will depend on the underlying condition. The patient will have different investigations that will help to know the cause of hemotospermia. In many cases, the cause of having blood in the semen is not clear and the patient does not present with other worrying causes.
In this cases, there is no treatment given to the patient and the condition clears on its own. In the case where the patient has an infection, the patient will be given antibiotics that will help in killing of the bacteria. The common antibiotics that are usually administered include doxycycline and fluoroquinolones.
When the cause of bleeding is a sexually transmitted condition, the doctor will give the necessary medications to treat it.
When there is inflammation in the area, the patient will be given anti-inflammatory medications to help and ease the inflammation.
The patient may also be given analgesics to help in the control of pain. This will depend on the severity of pain.
The condition affects men of all ages and it is treated depending on the underlying cause. The common cause is an infection or trauma in any part of the urinary tract. The condition usually clears on its own after sometime. The patient is advised to seek medical care in cases where the symptoms persist.